Beef prices and cattle prices not matching up, USDA expanding investigation
Demand for certain basics at the grocery store are up due to the COVID-19 outbreak. People may be going to the store less, but they are buying those basics in bulk.
Beef sales are up due to the outbreak, but the prices of live calves have somehow gone down. This has confused many in the industry and has caused Senator Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa), to call for an investigation into “potential market and price manipulation, collusion, restrictions on competition and/or other unfair and deceptive practices,” as he wrote in a letter to the Attorney General and Secretary of Agriculture last week.
“The Big Four” (Tyson, JBS, Smithfield, and Cargill) control more than 80 percent of the American beef industry and this past year has brought several lawsuits against those companies. The lawsuits have accused these companies of conspiring to keep cattle prices low and beef prices high, in part by closing functional processing plants in order to artificially reduce supply.