USDA Crop Progress Report-- October 16, 2023

Crop Progress Graphic

Corn harvest nationwide reached 45 percent completion - three points ahead of the five-year average. In the I-80 Corridor, Illinois reports the fastest progress with 52 percent of the crop in the bin. Nebraska checks in with 44 percent while Iowa reports 42 percent of its corn is now harvested.

Soybean harvest across the nation zoomed up to 62 percent completion - a full 10 points ahead of its five-year average of 52 percent. Iowa leads the way in the I-80 Corridor with 74 percent of its crop harvested. Nebraska says 70 percent of its crop has been taken out of the field. This is a normal occurrence for the western part of the Corn Belt to mature faster than the eastern sections.

Cotton harvest is staying close to its average pace with 33 percent of the national crop now out of the field compared to the five-year average of 32 percent. Mississippi made tremendous progress last week as it rocketed up by 19 points to 61 percent completion. The largest producing state of Texas has harvested 37 percent of its crop which is now three points ahead of schedule.

Grain sorghum harvest is running two points ahead of the average pace with 53 percent of the new crop now cut. The largest producing state of Texas is basically about finished as it has reached 92 percent completion - two points ahead of its five-year average. Oklahoma is now done on 42 percent of its acres, which is only slightly ahead of where it should be this week.

Winter wheat planting nationally is staying even with its five-year average of 68 percent for this week of the year. In the Plains, Nebraska is nearly finished with 96 percent of its crop now seeded. South Dakota stands at 90 percent. The southern Plains states have a little more time to get their crop put in since their growing season is longer.

Pasture conditions made sizable moves in both directions. In the Plains states where much of the cattle production is focused, South Dakota pastureland improved by six percentage points in the good to excellent ratings and Kansas saw a two-point improvement. However, the Oklahoma rating dipped by seven points. In the mountain states, Wyoming reported a huge drop of 27 points compared to last week. In the far northern Plains, North Dakota dropped by eight points.

In the topsoil moisture deficit report (generally considered to measure the top four inches of soil representing the seed planting and sprouting zone), New Mexico has a lock on the top spot with 87 percent of its acres reported to be short to very short on moisture. Louisiana and Washington state are tied for the second position with 81 percent.

In the subsoil moisture deficit report (considered to measure deep soil moisture down to a few feet where the crop roots would extend downward), New Mexico maintains the top spot with 90 percent of its acres suffering from short to very short moisture levels. Louisiana holds down the second spot with 84 percent and Montana continues to struggle with 80 percent in the combined driest categories.

Crop Progress - 231016.pdf
Related Stories
USDA Meteorologist Brad Rippey says we are heading into spring rather quickly and ahead of schedule, which could have negative implications for small grains and blooming fruit crops.

Agriculture Shows
From soil to harvest. Top Crop is an all-new series about four of the best farmers in the world—Dan Luepkes, of Oregan, Illinois; Cory Atley, of Cedarville, Ohio; Shelby Fite, of Jackson Center, Ohio; Russell Hedrick, of Hickory, North Carolina—reveals what it takes for them to make a profitable crop. It all starts with good soil, patience, and a strong planter setup.
Champions of Rural America is a half-hour dive into the legislative priorities for Rural America. Join Host and Market Day Report Anchor Christina Loren as she interviews members of the Congressional Western Caucus to learn about efforts in Washington to preserve agriculture and tackles the most important topics in the ag industry on Champions of Rural America!
Farm Traveler is for people who want to connect with their food and those who grow it. Thanks to direct-to-consumer businesses, agritourism, and social media, it’s now easier than ever to learn how our food is made and support local farmers. Here on the Farm Traveler, we want to connect you with businesses offering direct-to-consumer products you can try at home, agritourism sites you can visit with your family, and exciting new technologies that are changing how your food is being grown.
Featuring members of Congress, federal and state officials, ag and food leaders, farmers, and roundtable panelists for debates and discussions.
Host Ben Bailey hops in the tractor cab, giving farmers 10 minutes to answer as many questions and grab as much cash as they can for their local FFA chapter.